There are different forms of bursitis that afflict the bursae present in the joints of hands, shoulders, knee and foot. Ischiogluteal Bursitis is the type of bursitis which develops in the buttocks, due to the bursa in the pelvic region. Read and find out all about the disorder, its risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and more.
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It is a painful syndrome manifested by the inflammation of the bursa situated between Ischial tuberosity (pelvic bone) and hamstring tendon. The bursae are prone to inflammation due to irritation caused by several factors, which leads to extreme sensation of pain in the buttocks. In this condition, patients experience pain in the lower parts of the buttock, which aggravates with strenuous activities.
This syndrome is also known as Weaver’s Bottom.
The ICD 9 code of this condition is 726.5.
The condition afflicts the section at the bottom of the pelvis between hamstring muscle and Ischial tuberosity.
As the tendons glide over the ischial tubersity, the bursa allows support to the tendon over the bone. The Ischiogluteal bursa can, however, be inflamed due to a series of factors.
Picture 1 - Ischiogluteal Bursitis
Know about some of the initial symptoms of this syndrome:
Physical examination by a physician or physiotherapist can determine the syndrome. Tender areas of the buttock can be investigated and the medical history of patients can be studied to pinpoint Ischiogluteal bursitis. Apart from this, investigation can be furthered by performing MRI scans, X-ray and CT scans of the affected region. Symptoms of this disorder can be confused with those of Hamstring tendonitis, which makes correct diagnosis challenging. The diagnosis of the disorder through these tests might also become difficult when the bursa ruptures. Blood tests may also be performed to determine the risk of an infection in patients.
Treatment of this condition comprises of medical as well as home remedies. Know about some of the curative options for this disease:
When you have successfully managed to check the pain and swelling, you can perform certain exercises which will benefit you in the long run. Stretching exercises of the gluteal muscles and the hamstring can help in increasing flow of blood which eventually soothes the nerves in the region. The steps to performing this workout are as follows:
Picture 2 - Ischiogluteal Bursitis Image
Correct exercises advised by experts should be exclusively followed. You can manage the pain by adopting appropriate means of resting or sleeping. Keep a pillow below your knees when you are lying down. This helps in easing the pain in your buttocks.
According to studies, inflammation of this bursa is more common in people working with heavy machines, tractor drivers, runners and athletes. Those who have to perform a lot of horse riding and canoeing are usually at higher risk. Incidence of this syndrome has been found to be higher in athletes.
In a few weeks, patients can notice considerable positive outcome with the help of physiotherapy treatments. Rehabilitation of such patients can take longer time only in rare cases. The prognosis seems to be favorable if it is diagnosed early and treated with proper understanding.